By Ernest Schofield, Roy Conyers Nesbit
In 1942 a Catalina team of 219 Squadron, dependent within the Shetlands, used to be chosen to hold out a sequence of best mystery operations, together with a flight to the North Pole. They have been made whilst a Norwegian excursion to Spitzbergen to maintain the Germans out of the world. The flights have been over 24 hours lengthy and reached the bounds of human patience within the severe chilly. Later, the Squadron supplied hide for the Russian convoys. Ernest Schofield used to be the navigator at the team and retained the logs. those have been impressive missions and on 21 September one ended with a Ju88 assault and tragedy: "The pilot's cockpit used to be dulled with smoke. Tim used to be falling from his seat... We gave him a shot of morphia, for what support it will possibly have been..."
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Additional info for Arctic Airmen: The RAF in Spitsbergen and North Russia, 1942
18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. Ignition plug charger switch Brake pedals Oxygen control Oxygen pressure gauge Oxygen quantity gauge Control column Wing fuel tank quantity gauge Fuselage fuel tank quantity gauge Switchboard Fuel injection pump Engine main switch Radio direction indicator Altimeter Exhaust temperature gauge Clock Airspeed indicator 29. Interior lights 30. Radio homing control unit 31. Type 3 Mk 1 Radio Control panel 32. Arrestor hook retraction handle 33. Arrestor hook/flap down angle indicator 34.
Having successfully passed these tests, the prospective candidates went on to NAS Pensacola, Florida, for flight training. Naval Academy graduates went directly to Pensacola after completing a period of service at sea. Up to October 1939, with a relatively small number of airplanes and pilots authorized for the US Navy’s aviation branch, the goal of the US Navy’s aviation training was to give its prospective pilots instruction in how to fly all types of naval aircraft. After completing 33 weeks of ground school, the trainees spent a year working their way through Pensacola’s five training squadrons.
However, Adm Isoroku Yamamoto, commander of the IJN’s Re-arming an F4F-3 on board Enterprise during February– March 1942. com 37 New F4F-4 Wildcats on the deck of Enterprise shortly before the Battle of Midway. By the end of May, all the fighter squadrons on Enterprise, Yorktown and Hornet had been re-equipped with the F4F-4. (80G-14120, RG 80, NARA) 38 Combined Fleet, argued instead for the vital necessity of completing the destruction of the US Navy’s Pacific Fleet, especially its aircraft carriers.
Arctic Airmen: The RAF in Spitsbergen and North Russia, 1942 by Ernest Schofield, Roy Conyers Nesbit