By Michael Gagarin
Gagarin demonstrates persuasively that Antiphon the logographer is the same with the Antiphon who made highbrow contributions on extra summary subject matters. --Mervin R. Dilts, Professor of Classics, long island collage Antiphon was once a fifth-century Athenian highbrow (ca. 480-411 BCE) who created the occupation of speechwriting whereas serving as an influential and hugely sought-out adviser to litigants within the Athenian courts. 3 of his speeches are preserved, including 3 units of Tetralogies (four hypothetical paired speeches), whose authenticity is usually doubted. Fragments additionally live to tell the tale of highbrow treatises on matters together with justice, legislation, and nature (physis), that are usually attributed to a separate Antiphon the Sophist. have been those Antiphons relatively one and an analogous person, endowed with a wide-ranging brain able to take on lots of the assorted highbrow pursuits of his day? via an research of most of these writings, this publication convincingly argues that they have been composed via a unmarried person, Antiphon the Athenian. Michael Gagarin units shut readings of person works inside of a much broader dialogue of the fifth-century Athenian highbrow weather and the philosophical ferment referred to as the sophistic circulation. this permits him to illustrate the final coherence of Antiphon's pursuits and writings and to teach how he was once a pivotal determine among the sophists and the Attic orators of the fourth century. furthermore, Gagarin's argument permits us to re-examine the paintings of the sophists as an entire, with the intention to now be noticeable as basically drawn to trademarks (speech, argument) and as precursors of fourth-century rhetoric, instead of of their traditional position as foils for Plato.
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Additional resources for Antiphon the Athenian: Oratory, Law, and Justice in the Age of the Sophists
Pejely≈n). It appears that precision came to be associated particularly with written communication. ” 53 Far more complex than their quest for correctness and precision is the Sophists’ view of and attitude toward truth. ), and that his predecessors honored probabilities more highly than truth (Phaedrus 267a, 272d–273c). Although both Protagoras and Antiphon wrote works entitled Truth, none of their preserved fragments explicitly discusses this subject. 55 In this sense, Thucydides and the orators strive to present to their audiences “the truth of things” (≤ élÆyeia t«n pragmãtvn).
24 In a work of about the same time, Plato writes, “Since they are so close to each other, sophists and rhetors (sofista‹ ka‹ =Ætorew) are mixed up in the same area and about the same thing (§n t“ aÈt“ ka‹ per‹ taÈtã), so that they don’t know what to make of themselves, and other people don’t know what to make of them” (Gorgias 465c, trans. Irwin). 1 or ator and sophist 45 the orator (rhe¯to¯r) to whom are attributed the homicide speeches and public addresses and similar works; the other, who is also said to have been a diviner and dream-interpreter, is the one whose works are said to be On Truth, On Concord, and the Politicus.
11, 1402a23 –28), but this does not mean that Protagoras took this step. Kennedy (1991: 210 n. 254) suggests that Protagoras’s declaration of agnosticism was followed by probability arguments on both sides of the issue, but this is merely a guess. ” 57 30 the sophistic period Plato’s assertion that “Tisias and Gorgias . . saw that probabilities should be more honored than truths” (Phaedrus 267a); rather, both Sophists recognize the necessity of probability arguments when the truth is otherwise unobtainable.
Antiphon the Athenian: Oratory, Law, and Justice in the Age of the Sophists by Michael Gagarin