By Christina Pratt
Shamanism may be outlined because the perform of initiated shamans who're distinctive through their mastery of a number of altered states of realization. Shamanism arises from the activities the shaman takes in non-ordinary truth and the result of these activities in traditional truth. it isn't a faith, but it calls for religious self-discipline and private sacrifice from the mature shaman who seeks the top phases of mystical improvement
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Additional resources for An Encyclopedia of Shamanism, vol. 1
Eugene d’Aquili. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979. Bourguignon, E. (ed). Religion, Altered States of Consciousness, and Social Change. Columbus, OH: Ohio University Press, 1973. Eliade, Mircea. Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1964. Heinze, R. I. Shamans of the 20th Century. , 1991. Kalweit, Holger. Shamans, Healers, and Medicine Men. Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1992. Peters, L. , and D. Price-Williams. ” American Ethnologist 7, no.
At this point, the process becomes either a ritual or ceremony depending on the intention. Either way, when the work with spirit is complete, the sacred space is closed, the completion of the dialogue is acknowledged, and gratitude is offered for spirit’s intervention in human concerns. It is essential that each of these functions occurs. How they occur—the actions taken or the form used—varies among cultures, tribes, and practitioners. The form used is influenced by a multitude of variables, including, but not limited to, where, why, and when the event is happening, and who (human and nonhuman) will participate.
Even in a battle to the death for a patient’s soul, the adversary is honored, not villainized, for it is a source of great power. This is not to say that everything is nice in the shaman’s world. The evil intent of others is clearly identified where it is present. However, at the core of shamanic healing is balance and restoring the right relationship of all things. The shaman understands that it is wise and practical for a human working between the realms of matter and spirit to proceed with humility and respect.
An Encyclopedia of Shamanism, vol. 1 by Christina Pratt