New PDF release: Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index

By John Middleton

ISBN-10: 0684806509

ISBN-13: 9780684806501

ISBN-10: 0684806517

ISBN-13: 9780684806518

ISBN-10: 0684806525

ISBN-13: 9780684806525

ISBN-10: 0684806533

ISBN-13: 9780684806532

ISBN-10: 0684806541

ISBN-13: 9780684806549

Supplying a complete examine the continent of Africa and the nations that contain it, this booklet describes its peoples and cultures, track and artwork, exchange and economic climate, vacations and gala's, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its historical past, artwork and structure and everyday life. It examines Africa from prehistoric occasions to the current day.

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Additional resources for Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index

Example text

Some Krio even considered them a threat. By the 1840s lack of employment opportunities forced many Krio to leave Sierra Leone. Some returned to their Yoruba homeland, while others decided to start new businesses elsewhere. This migration took many educated Krio to neighboring colonies such as the Gold Coast (presentday GHANA), the GAMBIA, Nigeria, and Liberia, where they became missionaries, traders, businesspeople, and government workers. The stream of emigrants from Sierra Leone formed the nucleus of an African middle class in British West Africa during the late 1800s.

In certain societies pawnship sometimes served as a way for men to acquire additional wives. Slave wives or concubines were captured or purchased, but pawn wives were gained in return for canceling debts. Practices associated with pawnship and other forms of enslavement suggest that there were various stages between freedom and slavery in Africa. For example, not all war captives, political prisoners, and kidnapping victims became slaves immediately. Often they entered a form of servitude from which they could be released by payment of a ransom.

600s. Islamic law permitted slavery but included rules governing the relationship to prevent extreme cruelty and abuse. The law also defined categories of people who could or could not be enslaved. The categories varied. Muslims did not always agree, for example, on whether or not other Muslims could be enslaved. Concubinage was a special category of slavery in which masters maintained female slaves called concubines as sexual partners. Concubines and their children sometimes had certain rights, especially under Islamic law.

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Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index by John Middleton

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