By Rita J. Simon
Abortion is among the so much compelling public coverage concerns dealing with executive and the general public within the usa this present day. so much societies have enacted legislation and statutes concerning abortion, and such a lot societies have powerful emotions relating to contraception and abortion. however the criminal statutes and attitudes stick with markedly diverse ways. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and japanese eu international locations, center japanese, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, in addition to Australia.
After a short historic creation, Simon examines the criminal statutes concerning abortion within the chosen nations after which studies public attitudes towards abortion in line with responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes via discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes referring to abortion and the countries' guidelines vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants progress and regulate. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a sequence that might learn significant public coverage matters utilizing an explicitly comparative method. each one will function a guide for college students, researchers, and students, containing simple empirical info and finished references at the social factor or perform lower than examination.
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Extra info for Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over
Their statutes forbidding abortion are comparable to the Muslim countries represented by Egypt and Saudi Arabia, and like them are based on religious prohibitions. We t u r n next to countries in Africa. AFRICA Most African countries with the exceptions of Tunisia, Ghana, and Liberia place strong restrictions on induced abortions. Nigeria An abortion may be induced only if the pregnancy poses a serious threat to the mother's life. Punishment for the woman who induces an abortion is seven years imprisonment, for a physician up to fourteen years imprisonment.
Outside the Eastern European countries, Argentina has among the highest abortion rates in the world. One abortion is estimated to occur for every two live births. • Abortion • 30 Brazil Abortion may be induced to save the mother's life or if she was the victim of rape or incest. It must be performed by a physician. A woman who procures an abortion for another reason faces at least four years in prison. A physician also is punishable by at least four years imprisonment. Chile The Children's Civil Code protects life from the time of conception and does not permit abortion on any grounds.
Tunisia Section 214 of the Tunisian Penal Code amended in 1973 permits abortions on request within the first trimester. Abortions, like all medical services, are subsidized by the government and must be performed by a physician in a hospital. Tunisia was the first Muslim country to liberalize its abortion law. Prior to 1973 abortions were prohibited. 8. Iran Iraq and Iran are the two major Shite Muslim countries in the Middle East. Iran permits abortion to save the life of the mother. From 1973 to 1979, Iran legalized abortion and permitted it for health reasons or if the mother was a victim of rape or incest.
Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over by Rita J. Simon