By Frances Peter, John Smith Ph.D., William Cooper Jr.
Frances Peter used to be one of many 11 childrens of Dr. Robert Peter, a health professional for the Union military. The Peter kinfolk lived on Gratz Park close to downtown Lexington, the place nineteen-year-old Frances all started recording her impressions of the Civil battle. as a result of affliction, she didn't frequently enterprise outdoor her domestic yet was once capable of assemble a extraordinary quantity of data from neighbors, friends, and newspapers. Peter's candid diary chronicles Kentucky's invasion by way of Confederates lower than Gen. Braxton Bragg in 1862, Lexington's month-long profession through Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith, and alterations in perspective one of the slave inhabitants following the Emancipation Proclamation. As troops from either North and South took turns protecting the town, she many times emphasised the rightness of the Union reason and minced no phrases in expressing her disdain for the hated ""secesh."" Her writings articulate many issues universal to Kentucky Unionists. although she was once an ardent supporter of the struggle opposed to the Confederacy, Peter additionally fearful that Lincoln's use of authority handed his constitutional rights. Her personal attitudes in the direction of blacks have been ambiguous, as was once the case with many of us in that point. Peter's descriptions of day-by-day occasions in an occupied urban supply invaluable insights and a distinct female viewpoint on an underappreciated point of the conflict. until eventually her demise by way of epileptic seizure in August 1864, Peter carefully recorded the placement and deportment of either Union and accomplice infantrymen, incidents on the army hospitals, and tales from the nation-state. Her account of a torn and divided quarter is a window to the conflict in the course of the gaze of a tender girl of intelligence and substance.
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Extra info for A Union Woman in Civil War Kentucky: The Diary of Frances Peter
1. The Little College Lot, now known as Gratz Park, in the rear of the old Lexington Public Library, was the first site ofTransylvania University. Before the war it was the favorite drill ground for Morgan's Lexington Rifles. See Coleman, Lexington During the Civil War, 11. 2. The 54th Indiana, a three-month regiment raised in June 1862, initially guarded prisoners in Indiana. A portion of the regiment was ordered south to defend against Morgan's raid followed by the remainder of the regiment when General Edmund Kirby Smith entered Kentucky.
SATURDAYjULY19TH(1862] The rebels have taken Cynthiana. The 9th Penn. Cavalry left last night about 91h. It is thought they are going to Paris. Warner's regiment camped this morning on Winchester road & left this evening for that city. Had a fight at Paris. Rebels skedaddled as usual. Took four of Morgan's Texan rangers at Georgetown. Brought them to the hospital as they said they were just recovering from measles. But they were so unruly that the doctors had them marched off to jail to await further orders.
See Speed, The Union Cause, 146. FRIDAY APRIL 18TH  Doctor Bush1 has returned from Pittsburg Landing2 bringing a great many memorials of the battle in the shape of shells, Minnie balls, etc. Jno. ] Observer & Reporter1 is also said to be dead. 1. Doctor James Bush, a Kentucky native, was professor of Surgery and Anatomy at Transylvania University. See Perrin, History ofFayette County, Kentucky, 305. 2. The battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing, took place April6-7, 1862, in southwest Tennessee.
A Union Woman in Civil War Kentucky: The Diary of Frances Peter by Frances Peter, John Smith Ph.D., William Cooper Jr.